This article describes the strange connections between the Book of Revelations, in the Bible, and events that may have occurred at the end of our last ice-age. It’s an odd connection but that’s mostly because the Book of Revelations, and our official history of our ancient past, are not what they seem. There is a lot of evidence that something very dramatic occurred all that time ago and what’s more, learned people witnessed it and wrote it down.

Side note:  I originally wrote about this idea in 2010, in my first self-published book, The Golden Web: Part 1. More recently, I discovered that that Prof LaViolette also discussed the idea in his excellent book ‘Earth Under Fire’. Here is a freshly updated, rewritten copy, especially for this website.

Bright eyes

At the end the New Testament in the Bible is a very odd ‘book’. It doesn’t naturally belong in the rest of the Old Testament; it’s very much an oddball addition. It revolves around someone identified as ‘God’ explaining some very strange and dramatic events to a person called ‘John’ on an island in Patmos.

The first unique aspect of the Book of Revelations is that it is (as far as I can tell) the only moment in the Bible where God is described in human terms. In the rest of the Bible, He is depicted as a burning bush, or a voice, or a presence. The attributes of human appearance, snow-white hair and beard, seem to come entirely from this one encounter. In the light of this, one might think that the people who compiled the Bible might reject the book purely on these grounds, but instead it was included and the depiction of God as a snow-white-bearded man became a mainstay of Renaissance Art. But if it isn’t God that appears to John on the island of Patmos, who is it? There is a tantalising clue as to who this person might be and it comes from the Book of Noah.

The Book of Noah is an apocryphal text. In other words, it is not officially part of the Bible. For some reason, early Christian leaders rejected it. These early Christian leaders didn’t just reject unofficial works, they often banned them and ordered all copies burnt. As a result, the Book of Noah almost disappeared from history. Fortunately, a copy of the book was found amongst the Dead Sea Scrolls – parchments found in caves on the coast of the Dead Sea in the early 1950’s. Other, partial or complete copies, were also found in other recovered texts.

The Book of Noah talks about Noah, unsurprisingly, from the point of view of another famous ancient Jewish writer known as Enoch. Much of the Book of Noah overlaps with the Book of Enoch but there are passages that occur only in the Book of Noah. One of these passages includes an actual description of Noah:

And after some days my son Methuselah took a wife for his son Lamech, and she became pregnant by him and bore a son. And his body was white as snow and red as the blooming of a rose, and the hair of his head and his long locks were white as wool, and his eyes beautiful. And when he opened his eyes, he lighted up the whole house like the sun, and the whole house was very bright.

Let’s compare this with the description of ‘God’ at the beginning of the Book of Revelations:

I turned to see whose voice it was that spoke to me; and when I turned I saw seven standing lamps of gold, and among the lamps one like a son of man, robed down to his feet and with a golden sash around his chest. His head and hair were white like wool, as white as snow, and his eyes were like blazing fire. His feet were like bronze glowing in a furnace, and his voice was like the sound of rushing waters. In his right hand he held seven stars, and out of his mouth came a sharp double-edged sword. His face was like the sun shining in all its brilliance.

The two descriptions are surprisingly similar. If we consider that God is never described in human form anywhere else in the Bible (as far as I can tell), then it seems more likely that the person that appeared to John in a cave on Patmos was Noah, rather than God or Yahweh. This could mean several things:

  1. Noah was incredibly long-lived and didn’t die, as described in Genesis.
  2. Someone, incredibly, was born with the unearthly features of Noah.
  3. The Book of Revelations is far older than it is assumed to be.
  4. John did not meet a physical person. Instead, he had a vision.

Of these choices, I’m going to assume option 3, that the Book of Revelations is far older than it is assumed to be. This is perfectly feasible, as Revelations was shoe-horned into the Bible and bears little connection to the rest of the New Testament. Whichever it is, let’s put the origins of Revelations aside for the moment and focus on its contents. If the supernatural figure in it is Noah, does the story refer to his legendary life? Also, does it add new information?

Noisy Man

The story of Noah occurs in the Book of Genesis (Chapter 6). In the story, God warns Noah that he is going to inflict a Great Flood on the whole of humanity, (as depicted in the accompanying Gustave Doré etching). Noah heeds God’s warning and built a huge Ark or boat, into which he placed two of every animal. The Flood comes, after forty days and nights of rain, and deluges the world. Noah survives in his Ark with his family and animals and eventually repopulates the world.

Some Christians believe that this was an original work, specific to the Bible, but there is a lot of evidence to show that the entire Book of Genesis is based on much earlier stories. Modern scholars generally agree that many of the earliest Jewish tales – the stories that make up Genesis – came from the Israelites’ time in bondage in Mesopotamia (the land around the Tigris and Euphrates) after they were conquered and enslaved by the Babylonians. While the Israelites were enslaved for centuries, they picked up a lot of the stories from their captor civilisation, Babylonia. Babylon, in its turn, didn’t create these stories; they were originally inscribed by the most ancient civilisation of all, Sumer. To get an idea of how much material ended up being copied from Sumer to the Book of Genesis, it’s worth reading a translation of the Sumerian Book of Atrahasis, which can still be read as it survived as clay cuneiform inscriptions. There are many translations of this book and they vary in content but they agree on the main points.

In the Book of Atrahasis, the lesser gods, sick of doing manual work, confront Enlil, the senior god. They demand that Enki make some worker creatures to do the work instead. Enki agrees and creates Man, a hybrid ‘god and clay’ being. Man proliferates and the senior god Enlil, becomes sick of their noise, in some translations, ‘the noise of their fornication’. He decides to wipe them out. Enlil successively sends war, drought, famine and plague to try and eliminate the human race but Enlil’s half-brother, Enki, thwarts his sibling’s plans by teaching the human Atrahasis about irrigation, granaries and medicine. After three disasters, humans again proliferate. Enraged, Enlil convenes a Council of Deities and makes them promise not to tell humankind that he plans their total annihilation. Enki gets around this direct order by not telling Atrahasis directly but instead tells the walls of Atrahasis’ reed hut of Enlil’s plan. Atrahasis hears this tip-off in time to build an Ark. Enki specifies how the Ark is to be made and it’s an odd description for a boat. According to the translations, the boat is square, entirely covered over, strongly built, level and sealed tightly with pitch. Here is one translation:

The boat which you are to build, its dimensions must measure equal to each other; its length must correspond to its width. Roof it over like the Apsu.

The Ark, described this way, sounds more like a building than a boat. This odd specification leads to an even odder possibility, that Noah’s Ark was not a boat at all. It’s worth remembering that the word Ark comes from the Phoenician word ‘Aron’, meaning coffin, boat or box. Because of this, an Ark can be a tomb. For example, you could call the Great Pyramid an Ark. The idea that Noah’s Ark was not a boat crops up in one of the books that didn’t make it into the Bible. The Apocryphon of John, or Secret Testament of John, is a gospel that was banned by the early Roman Catholic Church. The early Roman bishops ordered it destroyed. It disappeared for two millennia, and might have been lost forever, until a copy was found amongst the Dead Sea Scrolls, and the Nag Hammadi texts, after the Second World War. It states:

It is not as Moses said, ‘They hid themselves in an ark’ (Gn 7: 7), but they hid themselves in a place, not only Noah, but also many other people from the immovable race. They went into a place and hid themselves in a luminous cloud. And he (Noah) recognised his authority, and she who belongs to the light was with him, having shone on them because he (the chief archon) had brought darkness upon the whole earth.

If Noah’s ark was not a boat, but something quite different, what was it? There is a big clue to what Noah’s Ark truly was and it isn’t an obscure piece of text, it’s a beautifully wrought piece of artwork.

The Florence Baptistery Enigma

One of the most important buildings in Florence, Italy, is its Baptistery. As the name suggests, this is where all Florentine Catholics were traditionally baptised. This was the case right up until the nineteenth century, when there were too many Florentines to make the process practical. The Baptistery is an octagonal building; it is one of the oldest buildings in the city. It was constructed between 1059 and 1128 in the Florentine Romanesque style, at the very beginnings of the Italian Renaissance. According to Wikipedia, ‘the Italian poet Dante Alighieri and many other notable Renaissance figures, including members of the Medici family, were baptized in this baptistery.’

The Baptistry is famous for its three sets of artistically important bronze doors. These doors are special because they are decorated with intricate relief sculptures. In particular, the East doors of the building are decorated with a series of reliefs by Lorenzo Ghiberti. There are ten of these and they illustrate scenes from the Old Testament. Their quality of craftsmanship is so high that Michelangelo once referred to them as ‘the Gates of Paradise’. The panels depict, in order, 1. Adam and Eve, 2. Cain and Abel, 3. Noah, 4. Abraham, 5. Isaac with Esau and Jacob, 6. Joseph, 7. Moses, 8. Joshua, 9. David and 10. Solomon and the Queen of Sheba.

So far, this is all predictable and to be expected. Renaissance Florence was extremely Catholic and completely devoted to the Bible, but something very weird is hiding in the Gates of Paradise. The Noah panel on the Gates of Paradise depicts the moment, after the Great Flood, when Noah returns to dry land with the help of God. Genesis 9:20 states:

And Noah began to be an husbandman, and he planted a vineyard: and he drank of the wine, and was drunken; and he was uncovered within his tent. And Ham, the father of Canaan, saw the nakedness of his father, and told his two brethren without. And Shem and Japheth took a garment, and laid it upon both their shoulders, and went backward, and covered the nakedness of their father; and their faces were backward, and they saw not their father’s nakedness. And Noah awoke from his wine, and knew what his younger son had done unto him. And he said, Cursed be Canaan; a servant of servants shall he be unto his brethren.

It is an odd description but the relief itself is even odder when we study it in detail. Below is a picture of the relief. Can you spot something strange about it? Hopefully, the odd element stands out; instead of a boat, Noah’s family are clearly coming out of an enormous pyramid.  For anyone schooled on the Bible, and the story of Noah, this is a shocking aberration. What on Earth was Lorenzo Ghiberti up to? The enigma becomes even stranger when we remember that these are not panels on someone’s home, or personal possession, these are the panels on one of the most important religious buildings in the early Renaissance. The only way those panels would have been allowed to stay on the doors of that building is if the Pope himself agreed with their content.

The other elements of the scene do tally with the Bible, such as Noah’s nakedness, his sons’ attempts to cover him up, a selection of surviving animals, and the offering given to God to give thanks for their survival. It’s worth noting that this offering event also appears in the much older, Sumerian version of the story, although in that case, the sacrificial offering was for the gods (plural) and they were said to flock around the sacrificial food ‘like flies’.

There seems to be only once conclusion that we can come to; Ghiberti, his patrons and the Pope himself believed that the Ark or Aron, in which Noah, his family and a store of animals survived the flood, was a great pyramid. The specification that Enki gave to Atrahasis does, in fact, make more sense if the Ark was a pyramid, as it should have a square base, be completely covered and be entirely sealed. When was the last time anyone  saw a square boat? It’s also worth noting that at the time the Florence Baptistery was built, almost no one outside the Catholic Priesthood was able to read the Bible, as only Latin or Greek copies existed. It’s therefore possible that it was common knowledge inside the Catholic hierarchy that the Ark was a pyramid, but none of the general population had any idea. The question of why the Catholic Church changed their view, or if it was a fringe view within their ranks that was stamped out, is to my knowledge, unknown. Fortunately, no one removed it from the Gates of Paradise, giving us this fascinating insight.

In another article on this website, I put forward evidence that indicates that the Giza pyramids are far older than 2,500 BC, the officially agreed date for their construction. This is a rational view, for the simple reason that no copper-tooled civilisation could have built those pyramids. The only logical way to explain how a human civilisation could have built those enormous, extremely precise monuments is to conclude that a very ancient civilisation built them and that that civilisation was then wiped out in a cataclysmic catastrophe. The rest of this article will explore that possibility.

Ancient Man

Before we look into how an ancient, advanced civilisation could have been wiped out in a Great Flood, it’s worth exploring the issue of whether humans have been around long enough to create an ancient, advanced civilisation at all.

Our text-books tell us that Homo Sapiens diverged from Homo Erectus in Africa about half-a-million years ago. Anatomically modern humans, or Cro-Magnons, were around from around 50,000 years ago. The Cro-Magnons were almost identical to ourselves. They would not have stood out in a modern crowd. More recent discoveries are showing that humans indistinguishable from ourselves existed far earlier than 50,000 years ago. A ground-breaking discovery in a mine in Morocco shows that a form of Homo sapiens very similar to ourselves were present 300,000 years ago, as described in this Scientific American article.

Knowing this, we’re faced with an odd question; if people very similar to ourselves were walking around Earth hundreds of thousands of years ago, why on Earth did they wait until only 6,000 years ago to develop irrigation, pottery and other facets of civilisation? It seems non-sensical that species with our mental capacity and physical attributes would make no progress for such a vast length of time, then progress from pottery to a moon-rocket in six-thousand years. Such an idea seems more religious than scientific. It is far more likely that they did progress technological, then suffer a terrible disaster. Afterwards, the ragged survivors had to start again from scratch. This isn’t just a logical scenario; it was stated very clearly to one of our most famous historical wise-men, Plato.

The Egyptian Connection

Plato lived from 428 BC to 348 BC. He is a hugely important historical figure. He founded what is regarded as the first Institute of Higher Learning in the Western World, the Academy in Athens. He is also one of the founders of Western philosophy and science. In one of his works, Timaeus, Plato reports that ‘the wise Solon’ went to Egypt, to the city of Sais in the Delta. There he learnt much from the Egyptian priests who lived there. The Egyptian patron deity of Sais was the Egyptian goddess Neith (shown alongside). Neith was a goddess of weaving but also carried a bow. The Roman commentator Plutarch, living in the century before Christ, reported that an inscription on the temple of Neith, which unfortunately no longer exists, stated:

“I am All That Has Been, That Is, and That Will Be. No mortal has yet been able to lift the veil that covers Me.”

Oddly enough, this is very similar to the statement made by God (or possibly Noah) at the beginning of the Book of Revelations. He states:

“I am the Alpha and the Omega, who is and who was and who is to come.”

This isn’t the only odd Egyptian connection to the New Testament part of the Bible. There are signs that the Egyptian bishops, who helped found the Holy Roman Catholic Religion, may have added a lot of Egyptian content to the New Testament. For example, the highly-regarded historian E.A. Wallis Budge, in his book Osiris and the resurrection of Egypt, suggested possible connections or parallels in the Egyptian god Osiris’ resurrection story with those found in Christianity:

“The Egyptians of every period in which they are known to us believed that Osiris was of divine origin, that he suffered death and mutilation at the hands of the powers of evil, that after a great struggle with these powers he rose again, that he became henceforth the king of the underworld and judge of the dead, and that because he had conquered death the righteous also might conquer death. In Osiris the Christian Egyptians found the prototype of Christ, and in the pictures and statues of Isis suckling her son Horus, they perceived the prototypes of the Virgin Mary and her child.”

One example of how the Osirian religion became a forerunner of the Christian rituals occurs in the Festival of Osiris. During it, molds are made from wood of a red tree in the forms of the sixteen dismembered parts of Osiris. Cakes of divine bread are then made from each mold and then placed in a silver chest and set near the head of the god. On the first day of the Festival of Ploughing the goddess Isis appears in her shrine. There, she is stripped naked. Paste made from the grain is placed in her bed and moistened with water, representing the fecund earth. In the finale to the rituals, the followers eat this bread representation of their sacramental god, the eucharist by which they were transformed into replicas of their god.

There were also the Passion Plays of Osiris. These were recorded in the twelfth dynasty – around 1875 BC, two thousand years before Christ’s birth – and took place at Abydos, the place where Osiris’s body was said to have drifted ashore. Some elements of the ceremony were held in the temple, while others involved public participation in a form of theatre. The stela of I-Kher-Nefert recounts the programme of events of the public elements over the five days of the festival:

The First Day: The Procession of Wepwawet. A mock battle is enacted during which the enemies of Osiris are defeated. A procession is led by the god Wepwawet (“opener of the way”).
The Second Day: The Great Procession of Osiris. The body of Osiris is taken from his temple to his tomb. The boat he is transported in, the ‘Neshmet’ barque, has to be defended against his enemies.
The Third Day: Osiris is Mourned and the Enemies of the Land are Destroyed.
The Fourth Day: Night Vigil. Prayers and recitations are made and funeral rites performed.
The Fifth Day: Osiris is Reborn. Osiris is reborn at dawn and crowned with the crown of Ma’at. A statue of Osiris is brought to the temple.

We can also see very close parallels between the birth of Christ and Osiris. Osiris’s parent star was Sirius, the brightest star in the night sky in the Northern Hemisphere. It was ‘born’ every year, when it rose above the horizon for the first time, signifying the beginning of the fertile Egyptian flood season. The star was then followed by the Three Kings, Orion’s Belt.

These many similarities between the Osiris stories and Christ’s life confused several Roman commentators. When Egypt became part of the Greek influenced, or Hellenic world, Osiris became the god Serapis (shown alongside), a combination of Osiris and the Apis Bull, an ancient cult figure. In that form, Osiris continued to be worshipped during and after the time of Christ. The early Alexandrian Christian community, in around 200 AD, didn’t seem to see any difference between Serapis and Christ. They would prostrate themselves without distinction between the two. A letter, ascribed in the Augustan History to the Emperor Hadrian, refers to the worship of Serapis by residents of Egypt who described themselves as Christians, and Christian worship by those claiming to worship Serapis. This mish-mash suggests a great confusion of the cults and practices. To quote:

“The land of Egypt, the praises of which you have been recounting to me, my dear Servianus, I have found to be wholly light-minded, unstable, and blown about by every breath of rumour. There those who worship Serapis are, in fact, Christians, and those who call themselves bishops of Christ are, in fact, devotees of Serapis. There is no chief of the Jewish synagogue, no Samaritan, no Christian presbyter, who is not an astrologer, a soothsayer, or an anointer. Even the Patriarch himself, when he comes to Egypt, is forced by some to worship Serapis, by others to worship Christ.”

Now that we are aware of the strong connection between the creation of the New Testament, including Christ’s life, death and the Book of Revelations, let’s investigate what the Egyptian priest told Solon, in Plato’s book.

The Egyptian priest begins by telling Solon that the Greeks are like children, that they do not know anything of the ancient past. The priest says:

“There have been, and will be again, many destructions of mankind arising out of many causes; the greatest have been brought about by the agencies of fire and water, and other lesser ones by innumerable other causes. There is a story, which even you have preserved, that once upon a time Phaethon, the son of Helios, having yoked the steeds in his father’s chariot, because he was not able to drive them in the path of his father, burnt up all that was upon the earth, and was himself destroyed by a thunderbolt. Now this has the form of a myth, but really signifies a declination of the bodies moving in the heavens around the earth, and a great conflagration of things upon the earth, which recurs after long intervals.”

This sounds like a good description of a cloud of asteroids, or comets, hitting the Earth. The priest then goes on to say:

“Whereas just when you and other nations are beginning to be provided with letters and the other requisites of civilized life, after the usual interval, the stream from heaven, like a pestilence, comes pouring down, and leaves only those of you who are destitute of letters and education; and so you have to begin all over again like children, and know nothing of what happened in ancient times, either among us or among yourselves. As for those genealogies of yours, which you just now recounted to us, Solon, they are no better than the tales of children. In the first place you remember a single deluge only, but there were many previous ones; in the next place, you do not know that there formerly dwelt in your land the fairest and noblest race of men which ever lived, and that you and your whole city are descended from a small seed or remnant of them which survived. And this was unknown to you, because, for many generations, the survivors of that destruction died, leaving no written word.”

The priest eloquently sums up the fragility of civilization, and what happens when a ‘stream from heaven, like a pestilence, comes pouring down’. He then says:

“She [our goddess Neith] founded your city a thousand years before ours, receiving from the Earth and Hephaestus the seed of your race, and afterwards she founded ours, of which the constitution is recorded in our sacred registers to be eight thousand years old.”

With this information, we can calculate the date of the founding of cities by the survivors of that ancient catastrophe, as reported by the Egyptian priest. We know that the Timaeus story was written in around 300 BC. According to the priest, Ancient Egypt began in 8300 BC and Athens was founded a millennium before that, in 9300 BC. If we then add on the black period after the cataclysm, when ‘for many generations, the survivors of that destruction died’, we get a date of roughly 9500 BC. This roughly matches the date of the end of the last ice age.

Adding together all the evidence we’ve looked at, so far in this article, it seems that something major happened, 12,500 years ago. This something triggered a millennium of instability, followed by a final burst of destruction in 9,600 BC. An advanced race existed at that time but only a tiny fragment survived the event, with some of them riding out the catastrophe in a pyramid, of all things. After the cataclysm, revered people in Egypt kept the knowledge of those events alive, finally passing them on to Greeks and other trusted figures. One of those accounts made its way into the New Testament as a strange oddity of a story, the Book of Revelations. These connections are tenuous. It would be good if there was more supporting evidence. For example, if the main character in the Book of Revelations is Noah, then his story should match what actually happened at the end of the last ice-age, including the moment when, ‘the stream from heaven, like a pestilence, comes pouring down’, as well as the Great Flood itself. To solve that problem, we need to study the latest evidence on what actually happened, 12,500 years ago.

Swept away

If a Great Flood did occur on Earth, large enough to wipe out an entire, advanced civilisation, then it would have to have been enormous in scale. Thanks to our modern scientific knowledge, we do know that there was a huge release of water at the end of the last ice-age, with a final burst occurring in around 9650 BC. This water had, up to then, been locked up in huge, permanent ice sheets, as shown in the open-source illustration. These ice-sheets were so large that they covered the whole of Scandinavia and nearly all of Canada, along with all of Northern Russia. These sheets were a mile-or-more thick. They were part of a much cooler world. During our last ice-age, our planet was, on average, ten degrees cooler. Also, because all this water was locked up as ice, the sea levels of Earth were about a hundred metres lower, which is the height of a thirty-storey building. There was therefore more than enough water released at the end of the last ice age to drown humanity and flood mountains, if it happened quickly. If it happened very slowly, there wouldn’t be a disaster as such, just a slow migration inland by coastal peoples as their coastline shrank. Then again, if that vast amount of water, locked up as ice, was released rapidly, it would cause a cataclysm. Vast waves of water, the height of cliffs, would have scoured the landscape and obliterated anyone, and any buildings, in their path. Any civilisation on Earth present at that time, anywhere near that inundation of water, would have been wiped out. If their cities had been on the coast, they would have been drowned under that one-hundred-metre rise in the sea levels. After everything had settled down, little would be left to indicate that that civilisation had ever existed.

Scientists generally don’t like the idea of sudden catastrophes, as it stinks of myth and god-like acts. Because of this, and possible other reasons, the official line is that the end of our last ice-age was a gradual process, occurring in several waves over many centuries, but this isn’t a universally agreed idea. Some scientists have put forward evidence that the end of our last-ice was not a gradual process but something triggered by a momentous celestial event.

Douglas J Kennett, and his colleagues, have published several papers that put forward the hypothesis that a large number of  meteors hit the Americas in around 10,500 BC, either as actual impacts or high-temperature airbursts, about a thousand years before the end of the last ice age, creating vast destruction and huge wildfires. The dust created by these impacts and their knock-on effects caused massive damage and a sudden cooling of our climate. This is known as the Younger Dryas Impact Event hypothesis, named after the Younger Dryas period of cooling at the end of the last ice-age (shown in the Wikipedia diagram), which itself was named after a small white and yellow arctic flower that flourished during the cold snap. The scientists worked this out by studying the earth beneath our feet, in particular the layers of sediment laid down during that time. In those layers of sediment, they discovered lots of nano-diamonds, tiny diamonds invisible to the naked eye that can be formed during a moment of intense heat and pressure. This can occur when a big pile of rock hurtles into the ground from outer space, arriving at a speed of around a kilometre a second.

The Younger Dryas Impact Theory has been controversial from its very beginning and several scientists have tried their best to refute the whole idea as false, or state that it is based on insufficient evidence, but over the last decade, more evidence has been added to support the theory. It paints a picture of a terrifying event. For some reason, 12,900 years ago, a cloud of asteroids or meteorites hits the Earth. It impacts on the Americas, causing large impacts, airbursts and extensive wildfires. The soot and debris thrown up by this event spread around the globe, darkening the skies of Earth and causing a severe dimming of sunlight. The surface of Earth is plunged into a deep cold, causing a precipitous drop in global temperatures (as shown in the diagram). If an advanced civilisation did exist on Earth at that time, it would have experienced widespread crop failures, starvation and war, decimating the population. This crippling blow may not have destroyed the civilisation, and so it might have slowly recovered over the next thousand years. Unfortunately, as the graph shows, there was then a period of massive warming, around 11,800 years ago. This melted the ice sheets and drowned the world in one-hundred metres of water. Any civilisation still existing at that moment, especially if it was on the coast, like most modern-day cities, would have been entirely wiped out.

We now have good evidence of what seemed to have actually happened, 12,900 years ago. It’s time to compare that with what is reported in the Book of Revelations. If the godlike person in the Book of Revelations is Noah, then his tale should match the actual events.

The events in Revelations occur as symbolic seals being opened. As the first five seals are opened, humanity suffers plague and war. These calamities are symbolised by the Four Horsemen, sowing Pestilence, War, Famine and Death.These problems mirror the early part of the Legend of Atrahasis, when Enlil unleashes such horrors on humanity. It is when the sixth seal is opened that a global catastrophe occurs (Revelations 6:12):

Then I watched as he opened the sixth seal. There was a great earthquake. The sun turned black like sackcloth made of goat hair, the whole moon turned blood red, and the stars in the sky fell to earth, as late figs drop from a fig tree when shaken by a strong wind. The sky receded like a scroll, rolling up, and every mountain and island was removed from its place.

This seems to match what happened during the Younger Dryas Impact Event. The moon turning blood red could occur if a large amount of dust filled Earth’s atmosphere. In this situation, the blue end of the light spectrum is absorbed by the dust, leaving only the red end of the spectrum. The moonlight, reflection the sun’s white light, would then turn red. Recently, as an example of this effect, forest fires in Indonesia caused areas of the country to be filled with an eerie, blood-red light, as shown in the photograph.

Revelations then report that after ‘the star in the sky fell to Earth’, there was a long period of war and destruction. This matches what would be expected if a civilisation experienced the Younger Dryas Impact Event. Finally, this period ends with another cataclysmic event (Revelations 16:17):

The seventh angel poured out his bowl into the air, and out of the temple came a loud voice from the throne, saying, “It is done!” Then there came flashes of lightning, rumblings, peals of thunder and a severe earthquake. No earthquake like it has ever occurred since mankind has been on earth, so tremendous was the quake. The great city split into three parts, and the cities of the nations collapsed. God remembered Babylon the Great and gave her the cup filled with the wine of the fury of his wrath. Every island fled away and the mountains could not be found. From the sky huge hailstones, each weighing about a hundred pounds, fell on people. And they cursed God on account of the plague of hail, because the plague was so terrible.

It’s difficult to work out exactly what was happening during this final calamity, as we only have clues such as, ‘every island fled away and the mountains could not be found.’ A more useful clue is the enormous size of the hailstones. Hailstones come from storm systems, particularly ones forming in the temperate regions, rather than the tropics, as they will not form if the air is too warm. Large amounts of water vapour in the air, combined with dust, will help their formation and increase their size. Therefore, enormous hailstones would appear if a cool area of the Earth experienced a sudden, massive increase in atmospheric water-vapour, combined with dust in the atmosphere, and some form of serious atmospheric instability. One event that would do all these things is if a large asteroid or meteorite hit a major ice-sheet. The asteroid would vapourise a large area of the ice-sheet, hit the ground beneath and throw up dust. Huge amounts of water vapour, and the dust, would enter the atmosphere. The addition of so much heat, produce by the asteroid, along with the shockwave, would cause the cool atmosphere in that region to turn into a raging storm system, and thereby create the huge hailstones. In addition, the impact would produce a massive earthquake that would have reverberated for thousands of miles. Large amounts of water, created by the melted ice-sheet, would also flood the land around the ice-sheet. These effects match the description the events of the ‘seventh angel’. They also match an event only recently discovered by scientists working in Greenland.

A few years ago, the scientist Kurt Kjær and 21 co-authors reported, in a paper in Science Advances, that they had discovered evidence that the Hiawatha Glacier in Greenland (shown in the Wikipedia-adapted diagram) was sitting above a 31-kilometer-wide impact crater, big enough to swallow Washington, D.C., as described in this sciencemag article. They believe that the crater was left when an iron asteroid 1.5 kilometers across slammed into Earth, around 12,900 years ago. The team admit that is difficult to date the event precisely, but that is their best estimate. If the asteroid fell to Earth shortly after the initial rain of meteorites, perhaps knocked into an Earth-crossing orbit by whatever had caused the shower meteorites to hit Earth, then we have exactly what Revelations reported.

One scientist has explored what caused the rain of meteorites, the Younger Dryas Impact Event and the Hiawatha Impact. He’s also worked out why the Egyptian priest, that talked to Solon in Plato’s Timaeus, insisted that it was a cyclical event. He’s also explained why these events are in the fossil and ice-records, and why they seem to occur roughly every 12,900 years. His name is Dr Paul LaViolette and he has written extensively on several subjects. In his book Earth Under Fire, he explains that these cyclic catastrophes occur at regular intervals during the Platonic Great Year, the roughly 26,000 year precessional cycle in which the direction of our planet’s axis rotates in a full circle. These catastrophes are caused by a periodic expelling of vast amounts of matter and energy by the centre of our galaxy, the Milky Way, causing a wave of material to expand outwards. As this wave of matter and energy pass through solar systems, they push interstellar dust against the solar wind, causing it to flood over the system’s inner planets, such as our own. In addition, meteorites are knocked out of their slow, outer orbits and also crash into the inner system, colliding with planets. For more on that, please see my review of his book.

Conclusion

I hope this article has demonstrated that the Book of Revelation in the Bible is not God telling John about the future, which is the generally accepted view. Instead it is Noah telling John about our ancient past. Thanks to the latest scientific research, we can check his story and it tallies well with what happened. Unfortunately, if everything we’ve learned from this research is correct, along with the data put forward in Dr LaViolette’s book Earth Under Fire, then our near future may be just as cataclysmic. That idea is covered in my next article, Gobleki Tepi and the End of Days.